The publications below are organized according to several EcoPeace projects that dealt with the region’s aquifers:

1) “Protecting Groundwater (PGW)” project
2) “Pro Aquifer” project
3) Earlier Research reports on the state of the Mountain Aquifer


Protecting Groundwater final report

Protecting Ground Water – Final Project Publication

This is the Final Publication of EcoPeace’s “Protecting Ground Water” Project. The project aimed to promote sustainable management of water resources and to alleviate pollution of groundwater in the Mediterranean Basin, and concentrated on four regions: Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Jordan and Malaga, Spain. A total of 30 municipalities from these four regions were selected to participate in the pilot project. While each of the four regions has its own specific environmental challenges related to groundwater pollution and sustainable management, there are also a number of shared challenges as well.

Click here for the Jordanian Publication (in Arabic)

Click here for the Israeli Publication (in Hebrew)

Malaga protecting groundwater project

Malaga, Spain – Final Audit Report

This Final Audit Report, written by CRN S.A Consultores for the Malaga County Council, defines and maps the groundwater vulnerability and all the human activities, which impose/induce hazards to the ground water bodies in Anteqeura region. This report diagnoses the quality of groundwater in relation to human activities and land uses developed in their areas of influence, and finally, calculates the relative risk of pollution of aquifers in 7 municipalities in this region. This report is the basis for the Implementation Plans (also named Actions Plan) in each municipality, to be followed by consultants and responsible officers taking the necessary and possible measures and actions to mitigate and/or avoid those hazards.

Jordanian strategic plan for protecting groundwater

Jordan – Strategic Master Plan

The Strategic Master Plan, written by Hijazi Hani and Al Ahmed Refaat from Green Sahara (Water & Environment, Studies and Consulting, GSWE), is the Hazards Reduction and Prevention (HRP) Implementation Plans for the seven Jordanian Communities in the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea Shores, which participated in the Protecting Ground Water project.The objective of this Strategic Master Plan and the detailed HRP implementation Plans is to enhance the capacities of the municipal staff in dealing with groundwater pollution. It is based on previous project stages, including: the HRP guidelines and the audit report of the current state of environmental hazards to groundwater in the Jordan Valley; and it provides a description of legislative and institutional frameworks in Jordan. The existing statutory regulations in regards to environmental protection and prevention of the potential pollution of the groundwater resources in Jordan provide tools for monitoring and preventing groundwater pollution.

Palestinian Implementation plan to protect groundwater

Palestine – Implementation Plan

This Master Plan provides guidelines for the development of a framework to complement the work of the Palestinian National Water Management Strategy. The objective of these guidelines is ultimately to support protecting area groundwater from contamination. This framework will enable program partners to develop policies and strategies tailored to their specific legislative and resource management situations.

Institutional mapping in Israel to protect groundwater

Institutional Mapping – Authorities and organizations that deal with Protection of Ground Water in Israel (Hebrew)

Contacts with relevant authorities and organizations are essential for hazard reduction and prevention implementation. This document contains contact details of all relevant Israeli organizations and was developed to assist the participating municipalities.

Model for Israeli Mapping to protect groundwater

Ecolog – Model Description

Description of DRASTIC model and it’s usage to map ground water sensitivity in the areas of 9 Regional Councils in Israel.DRASTIC is a spatial hydrological GIS model, which calculates the ground water sensitivity (vulnerability), which is the excepted risk of a soluble pollutant to reach ground Water, and the risk of dispersion of the contamination in the aquifer.

Judean Hills Springs – Master Plan

The master plan offers a guiding framework for planning in the springs of the Judean Hills according to updated data collected. The main purpose of the program is to produce a document of an agreed upon policy which will serve as a basis for cooperation to promote the springs in the Judean Hills. This cooperation is essential in light of the deteriorating situation of the springs.  The master plan reflects an effort by all representatives of governmental and public bodies who participated in the process within the “Springs Forum”.  The goals of the master plan were derived from the work process of the forum and the data collected by the planning team.

Judean Hills Springs – Ecological Landscape Survey

This document coordinates the findings of a survey undertaken for EcoPeace Middle East, as well as for the Sorek Environmental Unit, The Mateh Yehuda Regional Council and the Springs Forum.  It’s aim is to provide decision-makers and the general public with planning tools and for wise management of the springs while preserving the natural and heritage values in them.

Judean Hills Springs – Survey and Conservation Plan

A power point presentation given at a workshop on the Judean Hills Springs issue

GIS mapping in Jordan

Groundwater Contamination Hazards, Vulnerability and Risk GIS Mapping for Seven Municipalities in the Jordan Valley

This Audit Report of the Jordanian Communities was prepared by Dr. Samer A. Talozi, with contributions from Eng. Hani Hijazi. Mapping groundwater aquifer vulnerability through spatial hydrogeological assessment can pave the way for enhanced understanding of the sensitivity of natural systems to anthropogenic activities. This mapping is used to draw attention of decision makers and stakeholders to particular vulnerable areas.The focus of this report is enabling of municipalities in the Jordan Valley to identify and map groundwater pollution hazards and evaluate groundwater risk of contamination. This report outlines the procedures, tools and methodologies followed to achieve these goals. It also outlines the results and findings of our (PGW Project) study.

Yatta Municipality Hazard map

Vulnerability and Hazards maps of Palestinian Municipalities

Example report of Yatta can be viewed by clicking on the photo on the left.

See all Final Reports of Ground Vulnerability and Hazards maps of Palestinian Municipalities via the hyperlink (Dropbox).

These reports, carried out by HEC (Hydro- Engineering Consultancy), summarize the model used for calculating the risk to ground water from the different hazards in six Palestinian Municipalities in the West Bank. The reports also include the maps of Ground Water Vulnerability in the municipalities, all under the theoretical and methodological guidelines of COST-620.

Protecting groundwater brochure

Protecting Ground Water Brochure

This brochure gives a general description of the “Protecting Ground Water” project, being carried out in Israel, Palestine, Jordan and Spain, with short descriptions of the challenges in each country as well.

Click here for the brochure in Hebrew

Click here for the brochure in Spanish
Click here for the brochure in French


Scientific Research Paper

This scientific research paper contains the risk analyses of hazards in Umm el Fahem and Tulkarem in terms of the threats these hazards pose to ground water.

Layman report aquifer

Laymans Report

The Layman’s report provides an overview of EcoPeace’s ProAquifer project as a model for empowering local authorities to act to prevent pollution of ground water resources.

Its printed, hard copy version is issued in a single English, Arabic and Hebrew edition. The electronic versions are separated:

For the report in English, click here
For the report in Arabic, click here
For the report in Hebrew, click here
Guidelines for groundwater protection

Guidelines for Palestinian Municipalities and Tulkarem Case Study

The policy papers analyze the municipal infrastructure and institutional structures of each case study municipality.

The Guidelines extrapolate from the lessons learned and recommendations for the case studies and provide more generic recommendations for other Israeli and Palestinian municipalities.

For the report in English, click here / For the report in Arabic, click here

Guidelines for groundwater protection

Guidelines for Israeli Municipalities and Umm el Fahem Case Study

The policy papers analyze the municipal infrastructure and institutional structures of each case study municipality.

The Guidelines extrapolate from the lessons learned and recommendations for the case studies and provide more generic recommendations for other Israeli and Palestinian municipalities.

For the report in English, click here / For the report in Hebrew, click here


Lost water in a thirsty land

Lost Water in a Thirsty Land: Pollution Springs in the West Bank

Far from the public eye, the support of small scale sanitation projects can make a big difference in the lives of communities and positively affect a scarcity that fuels, in part, an ongoing conflict in the Middle East.

With this report, EcoPeace Middle East calls on able institutions world wide to contribute to the easing of water hardship faced by rural Palestinian communities in the West Bank.

health crisis in the making

Health Crisis in the Making

Briefing paper describing the imminent health crisis to come if cooperation is not sought to protect shared water resources.

Click here for the Hebrew version

Pollution of the Mt. Aquifer by solid waste

A Seeping Time Bomb: Pollution of the Mountain Aquifer by Solid Waste

Investigative Report Series on Water Issues No. 3.

This report examines the pollution threat to the shared Israeli-Palestinian water resource of the Mountain Aquifer from unsanitary disposal of solid waste by both people. Particular emphasis is given to municipal solid waste from domestic sources.

finding solutions for mt. aquifer pollution

Pollution of the Mountain Aquifer by Sewage – Finding Solutions

Investigative Report Series on Water Issues No. 2.

This report is an update of EcoPeace’s report: A Seeping Time Bomb


A Seeping Time Bomb: Pollution of the Mountain Aquifer by Sewage

This report describes one of the most severe environmental problems threatening Palestinians and Israelis: large-scale pollution of freshwater resources. The Mountain Aquifer is a shared Israeli-Palestinian fresh water resource.

You can read the report in Hebrew by accessing this link