The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) promotes the application of the nexus approach to cooperation at different levels through relevant tools and instruments such as Conventions and standards. The work of the ECE Nexus Cluster on the “sustainable management of natural resources” supports countries in the design and implementation of integrated policies that address current and future challenges. Finland, which leads the Convention’s work on the water-energy-food-ecosystems nexus, is able to draw on perspectives linked to its unique resource base in order to apply integrated approaches to managing natural resources and promote nexus thinking. It is our hope that this publication will inspire the development and implementation of a greater number of cooperative solutions and joint nexus investments in transboundary basins around the world.

To read the report click here.


The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is considered a climate-security hotspot due to its natural water scarcity, low levels of socio-ecological resilience, social tensions and political conflicts. This report focuses on the area known as the Levant, comprising Jordan, Israel, and Palestine, and identifies ways in which climate change will further undermine the already tenuous political, social and economic stability of the region.

To read the report click here
To read the fact sheet click here


A central focus of this report is the need for cooperation at all levels in addressing climate change impacts in peace mediation. In that spirit, we encourage readers to use and share the content of this report for non-commercial purposes

To read the report click here.

A Green Blue Deal for the Middle East

This report seeks to inform the policy considerations of Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian policy makers, and the understanding of international stakeholders, as they work to meet the challenges posed by climate change in our region. The authors’ assessment is that a “Middle East Green Blue Deal” – one that gives additional emphasis to the particular importance of water and water scarcity issues in the region is a practical, feasible and effective policy approach to an urgent challenge, and one that can serve to address conflict drivers, advance a two state solution, based on 1967 borders and promote trust-building and cooperation in a conflict-mired region.

A Hebrew translation can be found here.

Insights Report – The Climate Crisis and the Changing Security Environment of the Middle East

During October 2020, EcoPeace team partnered with a diverse group of 30 Middle East experts for a three-day simulation. During the three days, this group identified potential national and regional initiatives that might solve existing and emerging challenges derived from the current convergence between climate change, national security, and the coronavirus pandemic.

A PowerPoint present is available here.

Climate Change, Water Security, and National Security for Jordan, Palestine, and Israel

This paper is part of a regional EcoPeace Middle East project, which was uniquely comprised of a set of three national roundtables held in Amman, Ramallah, and Tel Aviv, and a regional roundtable, which took place in November 2018 at the Dead Sea, Jordan, as part of the 2018 EcoPeace Annual Conference. At each event, participants from a broad spectrum of stakeholders, including government, academia, think tanks, private sector, and civil society actively engaged in discussions on climate change and its implications for national and regional security.


Water and Energy Nexus Pre-feasibility Study

The pre-feasibility study shows that the water-energy exchanges foreseen between Jordan, Palestine, and Israel are technically feasible and potentially offer substantial economic, environmental and geo-political benefits to each of the parties.


Click here to read a May 2020 article by Dr. David Katz and Dr. Arkadiy Shafran, authors of the pre-feasability study, which revisits some of the ideas.

Water Energy Nexus paper

Water and Energy Nexus

This paper explores the rationale for the creation of a proposed water-renewable energy community based on interdependence among Israel, Jordan, and Palestine, where much needed water is produced through  desalination on the Israeli and Palestinian Mediterranean coasts and the additional electricity needs are met by  extensive investment in solar renewable energy in Jordan’s eastern deserts.

Climate change guide

Climate Change: Policy Notebook for Decision Makers (Hebrew)

A simple, easy-to-use “resource guide” designed primarily for decision makers and the media in Israel, containing information on climate change, scientific information, impacts, the UN process, other initiatives and models from around the world and actions so far taken in Israel.

(Click on the left photo for the FULL Hebrew text, updated 2010, of the resource guide)

Or, you can view the Notebook by separate chapters in Hebrew (updated 2010) and English (2009):

Opening Letter (English)
Table of Contents (English)
Chapter 1 – Introduction (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 2 – Scie Basis (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 3 – Impacts (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 4 – U.N. process (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 5 – Other initiatives (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 6 – Models from around the world (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 7 – Israeli actions (Hebrew) / (English)
Chapter 7 – Palestinian actions (English)

Paths to Sustainability Coalition on climate change

Israel and the Climate Crisis; Risks and Economic Opportunities

Policy Document by the “Paths to Sustainability” Coalition: The Israeli environmental NGOs call on the government of Israel to set clear national targets for reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions as part of a comprehensive climate plan, in order to genuinely address the expected impacts of the climate crisis, and to allocate the necessary resources for its implementation.

Executive summary in English
See Chapter 6 on Water, written by EcoPeace

Climate change and energy insecurity Felix Dodds

Climate Change – A New Threat to Middle East Security

This publication addresses the multifaceted character of climate change, where each separate element affects other elements, much like the environment itself. Each chapter looks at climate change and energy insecurity from a different angle, be it energy options, economic changes, biodiversity issues, or many others.EcoPeace Middle East contributed a chapter on the threats of climate change in the Middle East.

climate change threat to middle east security

Climate Change: A New Threat to Middle East Security

With the Middle East being the world’s most water-stressed region, climate change, which is projected to cause sea level rise, more extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods, and less precipitation, will contribute to even greater water stress in the region.

Governments, policy makers and the general public, through the media, must realize that the climate crisis is therefore a new and real threat to the Middle East with severe environmental, economic, political and security implications.