These publications relate to EcoPeace’s efforts to advocate for a fairer distribution and management of the region’s water resources, especially between Israelis and Palestinians.

COVID 19, Human Waste and Wastewater: A Discussion Paper for Cooperation on Water and Wastewater Management in Israel, Jordan and Palestine

Since the outbreak of the coronavirus, COVID 19 or SARS-CoV-2, considerable research has been made in order to better understand the virus, so
as to control the spread of the pandemic and discover its prevention and treatment. One aspect of the pandemic that requires further research is how the virus behaves in an aquatic environment.

For the full report click here

Health Risks Assessment for the Israeli Population Following the Sanitary Crisis in Gaza

The electricity, water and sanitation infrastructures in the Gaza Strip are facing a collapse that will affect the health of the population of Gaza as well as the population of Israel in many ways. In this report, which was initiated by EcoPeace Middle East, we present the main findings of a risk assessment analysis, in order to estimate the health effects in the immediate and long term on the population in Israel, and particularly in the Gaza Envelope, as a result of the sanitation, health, and environmental conditions in the Gaza Strip

For the full report click here

Report on the Status of the Hebron-Besor-Wadi Gaza Basin

This report presents the current state of the freshwater and wastewater conditions in the Hebron-Besor-Wadi Gaza Basin. Current challenges and risks to water security, public health, and environment are highlighted with further exploration of impacts within the context of gender. The report discusses the regional impact on the environment and resulting public health issues that need to be urgently addressed.

Click here for the full report

The Crisis of the Gaza Strip: A Way Out

In the course of 2017, the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) conducted a research study to examine the situation in the Gaza Strip, with a focus on the prevailing political, economic, infrastructural, and security conditions, including their cumulative manifestations and their short term and long term implications. The articles contained in this volume offer clear conclusions that when taken both individually and together establish that measures to rebuild the Gaza Strip are a critical and urgent imperative.

EcoPeace contributed 2 chapters to this report:
The Water and Energy Crisis in Gaza: Snapshot 2017
Gaza’s Water and Sanitation Crisis: The Implications for Public Health

Israeli Water Diplomacy and National Security Concerns

This paper reflects on the concepts of water security and water diplomacy, describes the state of water security in Israel, Jordan and the Palestinian Territories, and presents a set of recommendations to decision makers designed to advance Israeli Palestinian water security and shared national security concerns.

The Water Security Concept – Challenges and Opportunities for Cooperation in the Middle East

The concept of water security has attracted growing attention in the past few years. Multiple definitions can be found in both policy and academic literature, spurring a debate on the different approaches and framings of water security. Such definitions generally tend to highlight issues of access and quantity but have recently expanded to include water quality, human health, and environmental concerns.  Read more….

Gaza on the Edge: The Water & Energy Crisis in Gaza

The Gaza Strip is facing a dire humanitarian crisis with potentially devastating implications. Lack of clean water for domestic use and unsafe sanitary conditions pose a serious public health threat to the two million people living in the Gaza Strip… read more…

Ecopeace and INSS on the Gaza Water Crisis 2014

The Water, Sanitation and Energy Crises in Gaza

This report was completed days before the outbreak of the latest round of Hamas – Israel hostilities and was shared in draft form with Israeli, Palestinian, and international stakeholders. The report is now updated with a foreword to include ramifications and recommendations for immediate measures needed post hostilities, should the ceasefire indeed continue to hold and negotiations for a more permanent agreement advance.

Model Water Agreement Israelis and Palestinians

A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA – Revised

This report, “An Agreement to Share Water between Israelis and Palestinians”, puts forward a proposal for joint management of water shared by Israelis and Palestinians. In concept, it is a modern approach to managing water that flows along, across or under a state border – a “post-modern” approach.

This revised version is now supported by additional background information, explanatory materials, and references to the literature. In addition, the revised version responds directly to the critiques that have been received, presents three case studies, and suggests specific steps that could be taken to move the Proposal from concept to realization in legislation by the two governments.

Model Water Agreement 2010

A Model Water Agreement between Israel and the PA

Different than the Oslo agreement, this model is based on a dynamic agreement between the sides, and suggests an alternative to the “temporary” agreement in place since 1995.

The model presents an institutional structure with four critical bodies to implement the principles for joint management, where two central bodies lead the process: a “Bilateral Water Commission” and a “Water Mediation Board”.

Principles of joint management include: economically efficient water management; socially and politically equitable (not necessarily equal) water management; ecologically sustainable water management; management that would be implemented in practice.

Click below for a:
Separate Hebrew version (Ex. Summary & Chapter 4) of the publication
Separate Arabic version (Ex. Summary & Chapter 4) of the publication

Model Water Accord Geneva Initiative

Model Water Accord (Older Version)

This document was prepared by water experts from the region and abroad and constitutes a detailed agreement for cooperation in addressing common Israeli and Palestinian water challenges and in managing shared natural resources.

Click here to read a summary of the report, entitled “Confronting Water in an Israeli-Palestinian Peace Agreement”